Aikido Language Primer

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by J. Akiyama <Send E-mail to Author>

Aikido Terms

Term    

Brief Translation

Format

Aikido

Japanese martial art founded by Morihei Ueshiba

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Aikidoka

One who practices aikido.

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Morihei

The first name of the founder of aikido.

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Ueshiba

The last name of the founder of aikido.

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O-sensei

"The great teacher," referring to Morihei Ueshiba.

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Sensei

Teacher.

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Sempai

A senior student.

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Kohai

A junior student.

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Domo arigatou gozaimashita

Thank you very much.

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Onegaishimasu

Please.

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About the Dojo

Term    

Brief Translation

Format

Dojo

Training hall.

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Kamidana

The sacred shrine placed at the front of a dojo training area.

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Kamiza

See Kamidana.

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Shomen

The front of the dojo.

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Tatami

Mat.

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Clothing

Term    

Brief Translation

Format

Dogi

Training uniform.

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Keikogi

Training uniform.

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Hakama

Divided skirt worn by aikidoka.

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Obi

The belt.

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Attacks

Term    

Brief Translation

Format

Nage

One who is doing the throwing.

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Uke

One who is being thrown.

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Hanmi

Triangular stance.

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Kamae

Stance.

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Ai hanmi

Mutual stance.

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Gyaku hanmi

Opposing stance.

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Hijidori

Elbow grab attack.

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Katadori

Shoulder grab attack.

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Katatedori

One handed grab (same side) attack.

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Kosadori

One handed grab (cross-hand) attack.

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Munadori

Chest grab attack.

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Morotedori

Two hands on one arm grab attack.

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Ryo tekubitori

Grabbing both wrists attack.

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Ryote mochi

Grabbing both wrists attack.

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Ryotedori

Grabbing both wrists attack.

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Shomenuchi

A swinging strike to the top of the head.

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Kubishime

Neck choke.

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Yokomen uchi

A swinging strike to the side of the head.

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Munetsuki

Chest strike attack.

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Tsuki

Thrust, punch.

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Ushiro

Behind.

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Techniques

Term    

Brief Translation

Format

Waza

Technique.

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Irimi

Entering movement

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Tenkan

Turning movement.

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Omote

Techniques done with nage in front of uke.

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Ura

Techniques done with nage in back of uke.

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Hanmi handachi

Techniques wherein nage is seated and uke is standing.

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Suwari waza

Seated techniques.

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Tachi waza

Standing techniques.

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Ikkyo

The first teaching.

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Nikyo

The second teaching.

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Sankyo

The third teaching.

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Yonkyo

The fourth teaching.

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Gokyo

The fifth teaching.

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Rokkyo

The sixth teaching.

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Shihonage

Four directional throw.

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Kaitennage

The "rotary" throw.

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Kotegaeshi

Wrist-turning throw.

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Tenchinage

Heaven and earth throw.

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Sumi otoshi

Corner-drop technique.

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Kokyu tanden ho

Seated exercise from a two handed grab.

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Kokyudosa

Seated exercise from a two handed grab.

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Kokyunage

Breath throw.

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Iriminage

Throw done by entering.

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Jujinage

The figure "ten" throw.

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Koshinage

Hip throw.

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Aiki otoshi

A "reverse" koshinage where uke goes backwards over nage's hips.

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Atemi

Striking the body.

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Hijinage

Throw with a projection underneath uke's elbow. Also known as tenbinnage.

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Jiyuwaza

Freestyle techniques

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Henka waza

Technique that changes in mid-execution.

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Randori

Freestyle multiple person attack.

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Kaeshiwaza

Reversal technique.

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Ki no Nagare

Flowing techniques.

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Kihon

Basics.

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Weapons

Term    

Brief Translation

Format

Bokken

A wooden sword.

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Bokuto

A wooden sword.

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Jo

Wooden staff.

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Katana

A sword.

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Shinai

Bamboo sword.

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Tanto

A knife.

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Jodori

Techniques for disarming an opponent with a sword.

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Kumijo

Paired jo exercises.

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Kumitachi

Paired bokken exercises.

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Tachi dori

Techniques for disarming an opponent with a sword.

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Tantodori

Techniques for disarming an opponent with a knife.

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Suburi

Solo practice with the jo or bokken.

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Counting

Term    

Brief Translation

Format

Ichi, ni, san, shi, go, roku, shichi, hachi, kyu, jyu

One through ten.

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Ichi

One

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Ni

Two.

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San

Three

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Yon

Four.

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Shi

Four.

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Go

Five

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Roku

Six.

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Nana

Seven.

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Shichi

Seven

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Hachi

Eight

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Kyu

Nine.

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Jyu

Ten

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Miscellaneous Terms

Term    

Brief Translation

Format

Funakogi undo

The rowing exercise.

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Gasshuku

Seminar, retreat, workshop.

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Happo undo

Eight directional exercise.

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Hara

The stomach. Center.

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Ikkyo undo

The ikkyo exercise.

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Kata

Form.

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Keiko

Practice/training.

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Ki

Life energy.

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Kiai

Focused energy in the form of a yell.

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Kokyu

Breath.

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Kuzushi

Balance breaking.

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Maai

The spacing between nage and uke.

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Mudansha

One who has not yet attained black belt.

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Rei

Usually an indication to bow to your partner.

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Seiza

Formal sitting posture.

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Shikaku

The "dead" corner. The vulnerable angle.

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Shodan

First degree black belt.

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Shikkou

Knee walking

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Sutemi

A sacrifice throw. (Not a breakfall!)

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Tai Sabaki

Body movement.

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Uchideshi

A live-in student.

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Ukemi

The art of attacking and falling.

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Yudansha

One who has attained the level of black belt.

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